5 Tips to Take your Website Lighthouse Score from Meh to WOW!

Niraj Shrestha
4 min readNov 19, 2021

When creating a website for Production, you would want the world to have a great experience using it. One of the best tools for this purpose is the Lighthouse, a Chrome Dev-tool that analyses how various your site fares on different metrics.

Sadly, pushing for a perfect Lighthouse score isn’t easy. While creating my portfolio website, I started off with the following score:

But after following a few simple steps, I managed to take the score in each category to 90+

1. Use Responsive Images & Art Direction

The most often way to use images is to use:

<img src="link-to-image">

But there is are far more optimized methods to use images:

<!-- Responsive images -->
srcSet="link-to-img 480w, link-to-img@2x 720w, link-to-img@3x 960w"
sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 480px, (max-width: 2560px) 720px, 960px"
<!-- Art Direction -->
<source media="(max-width: 1200px)" srcSet="link-to-img">
<source media="(max-width: 2560px)" srcSet="link-to-img@2x">
<source media="(min-width: 2560px)" srcSet="link-to-imgl@3x">
<img src="link-to-img@3x">

Using these methods allows browsers to load up the images that are the most appropriate for the size of the screen you are using, often saving it from downloading a huge amount of data unnecessarily.

To learn more about Responsive Images and Art Direction, check out the MDN Docs

2. Use Server Side Rendering and Lazy Loading

My portfolio was initially made with React (bootstrapped with create-react-app), but since vanilla React is computed on Client-side, it hampers both Performance and SEO. Re-writing the entire website in Next.js provided some serious improvement to the Lighthouse Score.

Another important concept is Lazy Loading. It is the style of programming that defers the loading of resources till they are required. This provides huge gains in performance during the initial load of the website. It’s very easy to implement Lazy Loading in React based applications:

import React, { lazy, Suspense } from 'react';const LazyComponent = lazy(() => import('./LazyComponent'));function Component() {
return (

// fallback will be displayed while the lazy component loads
<LazyComponent />

3. Minify your resources

It is always a good idea to minify the JavaScript and CSS in the production environment. It drastically reduces the size of the items to be loaded and also gets rid of unused code.

Webpack is a great tool for this purpose. It minimizes JavaScript by default in the Production environment. For other resources, like CSS, you can use additional plugins like the css-minimizer-webpack-plugin.

const CssMinimizerPlugin = require("css-minimizer-webpack-plugin");module.exports = {
module: {
rules: [
test: /\.css$/,
use: ["style-loader", "css-loader"],
optimization: {
minimizer: [
new CssMinimizerPlugin(),

4. Use Compressed images

The next-gen image formats such as WebP can provide far better compression than a PNG or JPEG. This in turn means faster downloads, less data consumption, and therefore, an overall faster site.

You can also go with vector graphics format such as SVG instead of the commonly use raster graphics which too help tremendously in the domain of performance gains.

5. Use alt, aria-label, and aria-labelledby

These tags help you improve the Website’s Accessibility.

alt: The alt attribute is the HTML attribute used in HTML documents to specify alternative text that is to be rendered when the element (generally images) to which it is applied cannot be rendered.

<img src="link-to-img" alt="image-description">

aria-label: The aria-label attribute is used to define a string that labels the current element. Use it in cases where a text label is not visible on the screen.

<button aria-label="Close" onclick="dialog.close()">

aria-labelledby: Similar to the aria-label attribute, but it should be used if there is visible text labeling the element.

<div role="dialog" aria-labelledby="dialog-header">
<h2 id="dialog-header">Choose a File</h2>
<!-- ... Dialog contents -->

Wrapping Up

We went through some tricks to boost all aspects of the Lighthouse Score for your website. Use them on your website and witness the magic before your eyes.

Wishing you a Perfect 100 Lighthouse Score!

Thanks for reading ! :)